Il BRONZINO

(1503-1572)
Agnolo di Cosimo di Mariano Tori, better known as "Il Bronzino," is com­monly regarded as a principal figure of sixteenth-century Italian Mannerist paint­ing. He was born in Monticelli, in the vicinity of Florence, and served an apprenticeship under the artist Rafaelino del Garbo. But it was his close friend­ship and lifelong professional association with Pontormo* beginning around 1517 that strongly influenced Bronzino's early artistic persona. In time, however, he gradually emerged from his master's influence to develop an increasingly refined, cerebral style of painting.
After a stint in the service of the duke of Urbino, Bronzino returned to Flor­ence, where he continued to collaborate with Pontormo while taking on inde­pendent work. In 1539 he was commissioned to assist with the wedding decorations for the marriage of Cosimo I* and Eleanora of Toledo.* The success of his efforts led to his employment as the official painter and portraitist of the Medici court, an appointment that produced many of his most representative works. The pronounced use of chiaroscuro and the formal, aristocratic poise evident in earlier portraits like that of Guidobaldo della Rovere (1532) were showcased and refined in his portraits of Cosimo I (date uncertain) and his family. His portrait of Cosimo's illegitimate daughter, Bia de' Medici (before 1542), is frequently noted for its almost lapidarian stillness and beauty. Por­traiture aside, Bronzino's major accomplishment during this phase of his career was the Chapel of Eleanora, in the Palazzo Vecchio, which he meticulously decorated in fresco between 1540 and 1546. Bronzino's other paintings often reflect the sophisticated composition and awkward, highly stylized posturings typical of Mannerism, such as the erudite and erotic Allegory of Venus, Cupid, Time, and Folly (before 1545).
Bronzino was eventually eclipsed in the Medici court by Giorgio Vasari,* but his professional reputation remained intact. He continued to receive commis­sions, mostly for religious pieces that were influenced by his study of the ana­tomical work of Michelangelo* and Raphael.* Aside from painting, Bronzino also pursued his interest in poetry by publishing a number of his own works between 1555 and 1560 and dedicating others to his patron Cosimo I. He re­mained active until his death in 1572.
Bibliography
A. Cecchi, Bronzino, 1996.
Michael J. Medwick

Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary. . 2001.

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  • BRONZINO — ANGELO DI COSIMO DI MARIANO dit (1503 1572) Le style de Bronzino diffère assez vite de Pontormo, dont il fréquente l’atelier dès 1518 1519. Ce dernier s’étant réfugié à la chartreuse de Galuzzo pendant la peste, Angelo l’accompagne pour l’aider… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bronzino — ist der Name folgender Personen: Agnolo Bronzino (1503–1572), italienischer Maler Alessandro Allori, auch Il Bronzino (1535–1607), Neffe von Agnolo Bronzino, italienischer Maler Cristofano Allori, auch Bronzino der Jüngere (1577–1621), Sohn von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bronzīno — Bronzīno, 1) Angelo, geb. 1502 in Florenz; Historien u. Bildnißmaler, Schüler Pontormos, malte eine große Menge ausgezeichneter Porträts von Zeitgenossen, auch kirchliche u. historische Bilder in Öl u. in Fresco, die jedoch in der Composition… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bronzīno — Bronzīno, Angelo di Cosimo, genannt B., ital. Maler, geb. 1502 in Monticelli bei Florenz, gest. 23. Nov. 1572 in Florenz, lernte bei Raffaellino del Garbo und. bei I. da Pontormo, ging 1530 nach Pesaro, kehrte aber bald wieder nach Florenz zurück …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bronzino — Bronzīno, Alessandro, ital. Maler, s. Allori …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bronzino [2] — Bronzīno, Angelo, florentin. Maler, geb. um 1502 in Monticelli bei Florenz, gest. 23. Nov. 1572, Nachahmer des Michelangelo; manieriert in histor. Bildern, bedeutend im Porträt [Tafel: Porträtmalerei I, 2] …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bronzino — Bronzino, Angelo, florentin. Maler um 1550, Nachahmer des Michel Angelo, geschätzt als Porträtmaler. Sein Neffe und Schüler, Alessandro Allori, nahm des Oheims Namen und Richtung an …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Bronzino — Bronzino,   genannt Agnolo di Cosimo, eigentlich Agnolo Tori, italienischer Maler, * Monticelli (bei Florenz) 17. 11. 1503, ✝ Florenz 28. 11. 1572; Schüler des J. Pontormo, schuf religiöse und mythologische Gemälde und als Hofmaler der Medici… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • bronzino — /bron dzino/ s.m. [dim. di bronzo ]. 1. (ant., dial.) [contenitore, di bronzo o di rame, per l acqua] ▶◀ brocca, vaso. 2. [campanella di bronzo attaccata al collo di animali domestici di grossa taglia] ▶◀ [➨ bronzina (2)] …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • Bronzino — Retrato de Lucrezia Panciatichi, Galería Uffizi de Florencia. Agnolo Tori o Angelo di Cosimo di Mariano o Agnolo Bronzino, más conocido como Bronzino, El Bronzino o Il Bronzino (Ponticelli de Florencia, 17 de noviembre de 1503 – Florencia, 23 de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bronzino — Agnolo di Cosimo (November 17, 1503 ndash; November 23,1572), usually known as Il Bronzino, or Agnolo Bronzino (mistaken attempts also have been made in the past to assert his name was Agnolo Tori and even Angelo (Agnolo) Allori ), was an Italian …   Wikipedia

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